ITK/Examples/Morphology/FlatStructuringElement: Difference between revisions

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Revision as of 17:22, 25 December 2012

ITK Examples Baseline Morphology TestFlatStructuringElement.png

Create a structuring element (kernel) that can be used for any of the morphology filters.

Pixel values matching the erode value are considered the "foreground" and all other pixels are "background". In this example, we set 255 (white) to the foreground value. We see in the resulting image (right) that the white value is eroded - that is, the white region becomes smaller (and hence the black region becomes larger).


<source lang="cpp">

  1. include "itkImageFileReader.h"
  2. include "itkFlatStructuringElement.h"
  3. include "itkBinaryErodeImageFilter.h"
  1. include "QuickView.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {

 if(argc < 2)
   std::cerr << argv[0] << " InputImageFile [radius]" << std::endl;
   return EXIT_FAILURE;
 unsigned int radius = 2;
 if (argc > 2)
   radius = atoi(argv[2]);
 typedef itk::Image<unsigned char, 2>    ImageType;
 typedef itk::ImageFileReader<ImageType> ReaderType;
 ReaderType::Pointer reader = ReaderType::New();
 typedef itk::FlatStructuringElement<2> StructuringElementType;
 StructuringElementType::RadiusType elementRadius;
 StructuringElementType structuringElement = StructuringElementType::Box(elementRadius);
 typedef itk::BinaryErodeImageFilter <ImageType, ImageType, StructuringElementType>
 BinaryErodeImageFilterType::Pointer erodeFilter
   = BinaryErodeImageFilterType::New();
 QuickView viewer;

} </source>


<syntaxhighlight lang="cmake"> cmake_minimum_required(VERSION 3.9.5)


find_package(ITK REQUIRED) include(${ITK_USE_FILE}) if (ITKVtkGlue_LOADED)

 find_package(VTK REQUIRED)


 find_package(ItkVtkGlue REQUIRED)
 set(Glue ItkVtkGlue)


add_executable(FlatStructuringElement MACOSX_BUNDLE FlatStructuringElement.cxx) target_link_libraries(FlatStructuringElement



Download and Build FlatStructuringElement

Click here to download FlatStructuringElement. and its CMakeLists.txt file. Once the tarball FlatStructuringElement.tar has been downloaded and extracted,

cd FlatStructuringElement/build 
  • If ITK is installed:
cmake ..
  • If ITK is not installed but compiled on your system, you will need to specify the path to your ITK build:
cmake -DITK_DIR:PATH=/home/me/itk_build ..

Build the project,


and run it:


WINDOWS USERS PLEASE NOTE: Be sure to add the VTK and ITK bin directories to your path. This will resolve the VTK and ITK dll's at run time.

Building All of the Examples

Many of the examples in the ITK Wiki Examples Collection require VTK. You can build all of the the examples by following these instructions. If you are a new VTK user, you may want to try the Superbuild which will build a proper ITK and VTK.


ITK >= 4

For examples that use QuickView (which depends on VTK), you must have built ITK with Module_ITKVtkGlue=ON.

ITK < 4

Some of the ITK Examples require VTK to display the images. If you download the entire ITK Wiki Examples Collection, the ItkVtkGlue directory will be included and configured. If you wish to just build a few examples, then you will need to download ItkVtkGlue and build it. When you run cmake it will ask you to specify the location of the ItkVtkGlue binary directory.